THE DIFFERENT STEPS OF EVOLUTION OF THE WEST Aristotle Descartes Korzybski is on line at

Alfred Korzybski, photo Institute of General Semantics

Korzybski called general semantics a “non-Aristotelian” logic. This requires clarifications on the meaning of this term and its origin.

Some important elements played a large part in the way Korzybski elaborated general semantics related to his experience of World war 1 : he found out that the mechanisms of thinking which had led to this war were based upon the premices of Aristotelian logic, elaborated 450 BC., which induced relations of opposition and conflict. This logic  rested upon the antique vision of mankind and of the world: the earth was conceived as flat, and at the center of the universe. Such a conception was of course obsolete and not valid anymore in the beginning of the twentieth century, as well as Aristotle’s logic. So Korzybski realized the gap between our evolution at the scientific level (XXth century), and in human domains (-450 BC and XVIIth century). He infered that, starting from the physics and mathematics of his time, he might elaborate a new logic fitting to the level of evolution of sciences, which would mentally free mankind from this logic of conflict. He built up general semantics, a a non-Aristotelian logic, upon the researches in modern physics : in the chapter XXXVII of Science and Sanity, “On the notion of “Simultaneity”  , he starts from Einstein’s work to integrate in his logic the role of the observer on the result of the observation, which was neglected in the previous logics (Aristotle and Descartes) and the physics they rested upon. This chapter seems to me very important because the reader can state the mathematical demonstrations and understand the scientific basis of general semantics.

Now, to understand what non-Euclidian geometry (XXth century) rests upon, you have to have a minimum of knowledge about Euclidian geometry (antiquity). Hence, before starting the GS teaching, what a non-Aristotelian discipline is about, a minimum of knowledge on Aristotle’s logic seems to me necessary, especially to to become aware of the ways it conditions our mechanisms of thinking and our behaviours, as well as its use in the domain of communication, so to become able to escape from its tricks.

Here is in pdf an English translation from my article “Les différentes étapes de l’évolution de l’Occident: Aristote, Descartes, Korzybski, Trois visions de l’homme et du monde”, THE DIFFERENT STEPS OF EVOLUTION OF THE WEST Aristotle Descartes Korzybski

One point to avoid misunderstandings: “non-Aristotelian” does not mean “anti-Aristotelian”:

The meaning of the terms “non-Euclidian”, “non-Newtonian” and “non-Aristotelian” does not mean that those domains would be “opposed” to the previous systems, but that the applications of the first ones, which appeared in the context of the sciences of the previous times, could not apprehend nor solve the new problems inherent in the level of scientific evolution at the Xxth century: for instance, Newton’s physic was helpless to solve problems created by modern technology: impossible to build or repair a computer or a radio with Newton, whose work was previous to the discovery of electricity.

Non-Newtonian physics are not opposed to the one of Newton, they are used to solve problems which did not exist when he was alive.

Those different systems are different element of the same set: without the Euclidian  and Aristotalian system,  the Newtonian and non-Newtonian ones could not have arisen. See 1. Que signifie « non-aristotélicien » ?  (What does « non-Aristotelian » mean ?)

We can compare those steps of evolution of the West to the different ages of a human being: as adults, we do not think nor act anymore as we did when we were born, nor during our childhood. Though our life is different when we are a baby, then a child and then an adult, those different ages are parts of a human life and cannot be opposed.

Isabelle Aubert-Baudron, Jan 17th 2014

More about Korzybski and general semantics:

Isabelle Aubert-Baudron: Nouvelles possibilités économiques pour la Grèce dans un cadre de pensée non-aristotélicien

Grèce-Union européenne : des négociations limitées à un cadre de pensée aristotélicien.

Nouvelles possibilités dans un cadre non-aristotélicien.


A lire :

– Dans le blog Pour une économie non-aristotélicienne

Sur Médiapart

De la manipulation des symboles : (2) « l’identité »

Article en ligne dans le blog Pour une économie non-aristotélicienne :

Suite de  De la manipulation des symboles : (1) «les valeurs», «évaluation» :

Version pdf complète:  De la manipulation des symboles (14 06 2014)

Isabelle Aubert-Baudron: Commémoration des deux guerres mondiales : De la sémantique générale comme base de résolution des problèmes humains – Extrait de « Science and Sanity »

Article en ligne dans le blog Pour une économie non-aristotélicienne :

avec la traduction française d’un extrait du chapitre XIX de « Science and Sanity » CHAPTER XIX:  “MATHEMATICS AS A LANGUAGE OF A STRUCTURE SIMILAR TO THE STRUCTURE OF THE HUMAN NERVOUS SYSTEM”  (p. 269-274)



Henri Laborit: L’inhibition de l’action

Suite à la disparition d’Alain Resnais, voici un extrait de son film “Mon Oncle d’Amérique”, dans lequel Henri Laborit décrit les mécanismes de l’inhibition de l’action.

Henri Laborit, qui était membre de l’Institute of General Semantics ( Henri Laborit: Alfred Korzybski Memorial Lecture 1963: THE NEED FOR GENERALIZATION IN BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH : ROLE OF THE MATHEMATICAL THEORY OF ENSEMBLES ), a appliqué la sémantique générale à ses travaux en biologie.

A noter que les méthodes de harcèlement professionnel ( voir Harcèlement, souffrance au travail, burn out…  , Christophe Dejours: « Evaluation individualisée des performances » et « tournant gestionnaire »   et  Retranscription de l’entretien de Christophe Dejours: « Evaluation individualisée des performances et tournant gestionnaire » ) consistent à placer les gens ciblés dans une situation d’inhibition de l’action, avec pour conséquences, celles décrites par Laborit à la fin de cet extrait.

Mon Oncle d’amerique – Alain Resnais, 1980 (film complet)  de Aurélien Beauvisage

Voir le sommaire et le premier chapitre de son livre La Nouvelle Grille:  Thermodynamique et information  à .

Isabelle Aubert-Baudron: Synchronicities

WSB-IZW.S. Burroughs & I. Aubert-Baudron

Synchronicities: significant coincidences of a physical phenomenon with a psychic phenomenon, but you cannot explain the link of causality between both. Carl Gustav Jung and William Burroughs conducted researches about it, James Redfield wrote a novel, “The Celestine Prophecy: An Adventure” .

Such synchronicities escape our understanding because we tend to see reality with opposed criteria of “objective”/ ”subjective”, as if what we live inwardly would be “subjective”, i e “imaginary”, in opposition of the “objective facts” we can state, which would be only real. We also tend to believe that we are separate from our surrounding, and that there is no link between what is going on inside us and outside us.

Here the rationalists come and  say: “This coincidence is due to random”. But what does “random” means exactly? Once you have said that, where does this leads to ? How random is random? This “explanation” does not explain anything at all, and is blocking further interrogations and research on nature of reality.

Now sometimes, such synchronicities happen, which confront us to a level of reality which does not fit with this rationalist vision : there is a synchronicity between what we live inwardly and the happening of actual events without interference of our will, on which we have no control, but which have a signification just for us. So what’s going on here? We do not know, let’s see. Let’s put the rationalist  vision of reality aside for a moment and let’s apply a scientific step, starting by the observation of the facts, including the events of our inner life, what they represent for us, etc., without inferring anything from them at this step and progress starting from there.

We can base our observation on several synchronicities and see where they lead to: they often deal with issues to take in account.

Putting aside the rationalist vision of reality (XVII th century), we nevertheless have a new frame of reference through modern physics (XX th century).  We are aware of the notion of dimensions, of multi-dimensional reality, and of levels of reality.

Another domain where such synchronicities appear is in dreams: for instance I began to dream that I was losing my wallet, once, twice, thrice, and was wondering the meaning of it. One Saturday evening in a supermarket, the shop was about to close, I was the last client and in a hurry. I forgot the wallet on the cash register. On Monday morning I went to the shop and got it back. End of the dreams about losing the wallet. So what is going on here? Were those dreams meaningful to me? Yes. Since I pay more attention to my wallet, and I take in account elements of recurrent dreams.

I have got to the conclusion that we can propose the hypothesis of a multi-dimensional reality, with different levels of reality, linked between each other, which may work according different laws . For instance the laws of physics are not valid in dreams. If we try to explain a non–physical level of reality with physical laws, as we tend to do with synchronicities, then it does not fit, and we are confronted to an “impossible situation”. It may be very disturbing! Some people infer from this that they are becoming crazy. But this option also is a dead end and forbids to go further.

Now the interesting aspect here is that we can make our own research. Here general semantics has been very helpful to me when facing such phenomenons: the structural differential allows to consider them through a scientific step, and avoid the traps of some of the past contradictions and dead ends.

My research on synchronicities started with the ones which happened to me related to my meetings with William Burroughs and Brion Gysin: See at the article “The Time of the Naguals” , p. 15 to 31. This was too much ! Incomprehensible when I lived them. I had the impression to live a scenario of “Twighlight Zone” ! General semantics was very helpful here, because the observation of what was happening demonstrated that it was not something “imaginary”, nor “delirious”, but the implications required to draw a new conception of reality: synchronicities confront us to the “unknown” , and this may seem rather scary at first. I had to put up a new map, starting upon what was going on exactly, the links between inner events and the ones happening in physical world, etc., and considering it through a scientific step, through a quantic vision of the world. Then, what was not comprehensible to me before on the old basis became comprehensible in terms of physics. On this basis I could put up new hypothesis, and integrate those synchronicities as part of reality of human life, as something “normal”, compared to when it first appeared to me when I lived them: something incredible and not “normal” at all. It’s a part of the human program we do not use in our civilization, because we do not know about it and have no map to apprehend it correctly; but it’s just like a program on our computer we do not use, but which we can virtually use if the occasion occurs.

Our maps of reality do not represent the actual territory. Though it seems that the exploration of our territory can only be realized by us: only I can know the link between inner events and a physical event, its meaning can only appear to me. This leads to the exploration of our inner space. Again general semantics is a real help, because it allows not progress safely, step by step, without getting lost in mental dead ends. Investigate on the situation as if we were a police inspector investigating on an affair and gathering the elements to understand it, and taking it like a game as well.

Jean Puijalon: La Méditation du Krabe: Vivre Sans Peur … le Kancer !

  Feuilleter sur Amazon

« Ce n’est pas parce que tu ne vois pas le chameau sur lequel tu es assis que tu dois croire que tu avances tout seul » dit un proverbe soufi.

Face au Cancer, certains décident de lutter. D’autres s’effondrent. Il y a ceux qui essayent de comprendre quoi soigner: le Corps, l’Âme, l’Esprit ? Il y a autre ‘chose’ ? Peut-être bien ! disent ceux à qui la situation cancer offre l’opportunité de trouver dans leur propre vie une quatrième voie qui est celle de la conscience du moment présent.

Si vous faites partie de ceux à qui l’adversité donne une féroce envie de vivre, en suivant leur inspiration du cœur, ce livre est pour vous.

Vous apprendrez comment notre langage courant parvient à détruire l’existence de façon incroyable, comment fonctionne le Stress Longue Durée qui accompagne notre vie ordinaire et informatique, comment fonctionnent les angoisses, sans aucun support objectif, et surtout, comment le Massage de Conscience corporelle® et la Méditation sont capables de vous faire traverser de façon sereine les pires moments de souffrance, à l’hôpital ou ailleurs !

La connaissance de l’esprit, qui se vit pour chacun d’entre nous souvent comme une sorte de théâtre improbable, est la clef de cette histoire. L’auteur, qui a appris à mettre en pratique les enseignements qu’il a reçus, s’adresse non seulement aux malades du cancer mais aussi à tous les êtres en proie à la souffrance. La liberté et la santé commencent à l’intérieur.

Jean Puijalon : juriste et psycho-analyste, enseignant de méditation tibétaine et créateur d’applications de la Sémantique Générale au Management, la Gestion du Quotidien et la ‘Performance Mentale’, il a créé le Blog de la Transformation Intérieure ®,  l’Entraînement de Conscience Corporelle ® et la Formation Diamant ® pour enseigner les méthodes de prévention et d’arrêt du Stress Longue Durée.

Nicolas Zadounaïsky (Illustrations)

Cours de sémantique générale: MOOC General semantics: an approach to effective language behavior

Je me permets de vous informer que se tient actuellement un MOOC (Massive Open Online Course) organisé par Steve Stockdale, Mary Lahman et Greg Thompson sur la sémantique générale : General semantics: an approach to effective language behavior.

Dans l’hypothèse où vous seriez intéressé pour y participer, il est encore possible de s’y inscrire.
Les cours sont gratuits, et l’accès au site est libre:

Y étant inscrite depuis le début, je peux dire que ces cours sont très bien faits et que la qualité et l’ampleur de documentation fournies sont impressionnantes.
Lien pour les inscriptions:

Bien sincèrement.

Isabelle Aubert-Baudron